THE ODDS AGANIST US AUTHOR SATYAJIT RAY
Satyajit Ray (1921-1992) was one of the great filmmaker of India. In all aspects, he could be called the towering figure in the world of cinema.
The Ray family belonged to the Brahmo Samaj, founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy. Satyajit grew up in a family which was talented in many different arts. He studied at Shantiniketan, which was started by Rabindranath Ragore. Later he studied at the Presidency College Calcutta. Then he worked at a publishing house as a layout artist.
When he came across the novel ‘Pather Panchali’, he was inspired to make a movie based on it. He took his friends as the actors and did most of the funding himself. His very first film was successful and was critically acclaimed at the 1955 Cannes Film Festival. His most famous work is the Apu Triology or the three films – Pather Panchali, Aparajito and Apur Sansar. His work has shades of Italian Neorealist cinema. Ray’s films show realism and compassion. Apart from the Apu triology, his other famous films are Jalsaghar, Mahanagar, Charulata, Teen Kanya, the Calcutta Triology and many more.
Later on he wrote the stories or screenplays of his films as well as composed music of his films. He made two films in Hindi – Shataranj Ke Khiladi and Sadgati, both based on the stories of Munshi Premchand. He was also well-known for his writings in Bengali, most of which are now translated in English. He has written an autobiographical book, Jokhtan Choto Chilam and also books on films.
For his outstanding contribution to the world of cinema, he was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1985. He was honoured with the Academy’s Lifetime Achievement Award in 1992. Indian government bestowed the highest civilian award ‘Bharat Ratna’, on Satyajit Ray in 1992.
This world-known film maker died on 23rd April 1992.
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